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13 May 2022

NAO finds shortcomings in the students’ assessment methodology and failure to implement the curriculum requests

pisa eng

The National Audit Office (NAO) has published the performance audit report on “Assessment of Students in national and international tests”. This audit included the 2018-2021 period and aimed at assessing whether the responsible institutions have taken measure to improve the teaching and assessment of the students in the Kosovo.

Subject to this audit are the Ministry of Education, Science, Technology and Innovation and the Municipalities of Novobërdë, Istog and Prizren.

The conclusion of the audit is that there are shortcomings in the students’ assessment methodology and that the curriculum requirements have not been applied. The Ministry of Education, Science, Technology and Innovation, Municipal Education Directorates and Schools have not been able to improve the teaching and assessment methods in line with curriculum requirements and best practices issued by European Quality Assurance Agency.  Consequently, students continue to partake in classes listening to teachers lecture all class hours and only become active at the end if they have any questions and being evaluated by using multiple questions with alternative response.

Despite the shortcomings in the assessment process in pre-university education, responsible institutions (MESTI, MEDs, and schools) have not undertaken measures to identify and improve deficiencies.

Audit findings indicate that Kosovo students have scored relatively well in national tests, but in international tests, such as PISA, they have scored much lower than the OECD average, and the lowest in the region. In addition, responsible institutions have not monitored the formative assessment of students and the teachers’ methods used therefor.

Moreover, it is not known whether the training provided to the teachers has met the needs for fulfilling the curriculum criteria given that more than half of the teachers sampled during the audit responded that the training for the National Curriculum was too short (only six days) considering its volume and requirements coming from curriculum.

In this regard, the Auditor General, Vlora Spanca, emphasized that the PISA results are very much concerning. Kosovar students are scoring very low compared to their peers globally, although in the achievement test they stand better with results. As a result immediate actions need to be taken by the institutions responsible to address the recommendations given.

Considering that primary education is of utmost importance to all the community and a powerful mechanism of sustainable economic growth, the National Audit Office has given 9 recommendations to the responsible institutions to improve the teaching and students’ assessment methods.

You may read the whole report on here.